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formes-CSS

Dessiner des formes en CSS pur

Avec l’arrivée de CSS3 sur les navigateurs et des border-radius, il devient possible de faire des formes jusqu’alors impensables.
Ci-dessous sont présentes une liste non-exhaustives de formes possibles (un navigateur respectant les normes CSS3 et notamment les border-radius est nécessaires pour en apprécier la beauté ; bref presque tous sauf IE 8 et moins).

Pour que ça soit compréhensible, les formes sont classées par ordre de difficultés de réalisation.

Square


#square {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
}

Rectangle


#rectangle {
width: 200px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
}

Circle


#circle {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px;
-webkit-border-radius: 50px;
border-radius: 50px;
}

Oval


#oval {
width: 200px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 100px / 50px;
-webkit-border-radius: 100px / 50px;
border-radius: 100px / 50px;
}

Triangle Up


#triangle-up {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
}

Triangle Down


#triangle-down {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 100px solid red;
}

Triangle Left


#triangle-left {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 100px solid red;
border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Right


#triangle-right {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 50px solid transparent;
border-left: 100px solid red;
border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Top Left


#triangle-topleft {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 100px solid red;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Top Right


#triangle-topright {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 100px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;

}

Triangle Bottom Left


#triangle-bottomleft {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Bottom Right


#triangle-bottomright {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

Parallelogram


#parallelogram {
width: 150px;
height: 100px;
-webkit-transform: skew(20deg);
-moz-transform: skew(20deg);
-o-transform: skew(20deg);
background: red;
}

Trapezoid


#trapezoid {
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
height: 0;
width: 100px;
}

Star (6-points)


#star-six {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
position: relative;
}
#star-six:after {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 100px solid red;
position: absolute;
content: "";
top: 30px;
left: -50px;
}

Star (5-points) via Kit MacAllister


#star-five {
margin: 50px 0;
position: relative;
display: block;
color: red;
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 70px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
-moz-transform: rotate(35deg);
-webkit-transform: rotate(35deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(35deg);
-o-transform: rotate(35deg);
}
#star-five:before {
border-bottom: 80px solid red;
border-left: 30px solid transparent;
border-right: 30px solid transparent;
position: absolute;
height: 0;
width: 0;
top: -45px;
left: -65px;
display: block;
content: '';
-webkit-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-35deg);

}
#star-five:after {
position: absolute;
display: block;
color: red;
top: 3px;
left: -105px;
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 70px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-70deg);
content: '';
}

Pentagon


#pentagon {
position: relative;
width: 54px;
border-width: 50px 18px 0;
border-style: solid;
border-color: red transparent;
}
#pentagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
height: 0;
width: 0;
top: -85px;
left: -18px;
border-width: 0 45px 35px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: transparent transparent red;
}

Hexagon


#hexagon {
width: 100px;
height: 55px;
background: red;
position: relative;
}
#hexagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: -25px;
left: 0;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 25px solid red;
}
#hexagon:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
bottom: -25px;
left: 0;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 25px solid red;
}

Octagon


#octagon {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
position: relative;
}

#octagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
border-bottom: 29px solid red;
border-left: 29px solid #eee;
border-right: 29px solid #eee;
width: 42px;
height: 0;
}

#octagon:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
bottom: 0;
left: 0;
border-top: 29px solid red;
border-left: 29px solid #eee;
border-right: 29px solid #eee;
width: 42px;
height: 0;
}

Heart via Nicolas Gallagher


#heart {
position: relative;
width: 100px;
height: 90px;
}
#heart:before,
#heart:after {
position: absolute;
content: "";
left: 50px;
top: 0;
width: 50px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 0 100%;
transform-origin: 0 100%;
}
#heart:after {
left: 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(45deg);
transform: rotate(45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
transform-origin :100% 100%;
}

Infinity via Nicolas Gallagher


#infinity {
position: relative;
width: 212px;
height: 100px;
}

#infinity:before,
#infinity:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
width: 60px;
height: 60px;
border: 20px solid red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
}

#infinity:after {
left: auto;
right: 0;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(45deg);
transform: rotate(45deg);
}

Diamond


#diamond {
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
margin: 25px 0 15px 35px;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 0 100%;
transform-origin: 0 100%;
}

Egg


#egg {
display:block;
width: 126px;
height: 180px;
background-color: red;
-webkit-border-radius: 63px 63px 63px 63px / 108px 108px 72px 72px;
border-radius: 50% 50% 50% 50% / 60% 60% 40% 40%;
}

Pac-Man


#pacman {
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 60px solid transparent;
border-top: 60px solid red;
border-left: 60px solid red;
border-bottom: 60px solid red;
border-top-left-radius: 60px;
border-top-right-radius: 60px;
border-bottom-left-radius: 60px;
border-bottom-right-radius: 60px;
}

Talk Bubble


#talkbubble {
width: 120px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
position: relative;
-moz-border-radius: 10px;
-webkit-border-radius: 10px;
border-radius: 10px;
}
#talkbubble:before {
content:"";
position: absolute;
right: 100%;
top: 26px;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 13px solid transparent;
border-right: 26px solid red;
border-bottom: 13px solid transparent;
}

12 Point Burst via Alan Johnson


#burst-12 {
background: red;
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
position: relative;
text-align: center;
}
#burst-12:before, #burst-12:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
height: 80px;
width: 80px;
background: red;
}
#burst-12:before {
-webkit-transform: rotate(30deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(30deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(30deg);
-o-transform: rotate(30deg);
transform: rotate(30deg);
}
#burst-12:after {
-webkit-transform: rotate(60deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(60deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(60deg);
-o-transform: rotate(60deg);
transform: rotate(60deg);
}

8 Point Burst via Alan Johnson


#burst-8 {
background: red;
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
position: relative;
text-align: center;
-webkit-transform: rotate(20deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(20deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(20deg);
-o-transform: rotate(20eg);
transform: rotate(20deg);
}
#burst-8:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
height: 80px;
width: 80px;
background: red;
-webkit-transform: rotate(135deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(135deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(135deg);
-o-transform: rotate(135deg);
transform: rotate(135deg);
}

Source : CSS-Tricks

3 réponses à “Dessiner des formes en CSS pur

  1. Bonjour,
    Informations interessantes.
    Dommage que les téléphones n’aime pas les pages de style, et qu’il faut trouver des compromis entre ce qui est placer dans head et la page utile à tous le site.

    Cordialement

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