formes-CSS

Dessiner des formes en CSS pur

Avec l’arrivée de CSS3 sur les navigateurs et des border-radius, il devient possible de faire des formes jusqu’alors impensables.
Ci-dessous sont présentes une liste non-exhaustives de formes possibles (un navigateur respectant les normes CSS3 et notamment les border-radius est nécessaires pour en apprécier la beauté ; bref presque tous sauf IE 8 et moins).

Pour que ça soit compréhensible, les formes sont classées par ordre de difficultés de réalisation.

Square


#square {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
}

Rectangle


#rectangle {
width: 200px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
}

Circle


#circle {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px;
-webkit-border-radius: 50px;
border-radius: 50px;
}

Oval


#oval {
width: 200px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 100px / 50px;
-webkit-border-radius: 100px / 50px;
border-radius: 100px / 50px;
}

Triangle Up


#triangle-up {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
}

Triangle Down


#triangle-down {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 100px solid red;
}

Triangle Left


#triangle-left {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 100px solid red;
border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Right


#triangle-right {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 50px solid transparent;
border-left: 100px solid red;
border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Top Left


#triangle-topleft {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 100px solid red;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Top Right


#triangle-topright {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 100px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;

}

Triangle Bottom Left


#triangle-bottomleft {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

Triangle Bottom Right


#triangle-bottomright {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

Parallelogram


#parallelogram {
width: 150px;
height: 100px;
-webkit-transform: skew(20deg);
-moz-transform: skew(20deg);
-o-transform: skew(20deg);
background: red;
}

Trapezoid


#trapezoid {
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
height: 0;
width: 100px;
}

Star (6-points)


#star-six {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 100px solid red;
position: relative;
}
#star-six:after {
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 100px solid red;
position: absolute;
content: "";
top: 30px;
left: -50px;
}

Star (5-points) via Kit MacAllister


#star-five {
margin: 50px 0;
position: relative;
display: block;
color: red;
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 70px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
-moz-transform: rotate(35deg);
-webkit-transform: rotate(35deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(35deg);
-o-transform: rotate(35deg);
}
#star-five:before {
border-bottom: 80px solid red;
border-left: 30px solid transparent;
border-right: 30px solid transparent;
position: absolute;
height: 0;
width: 0;
top: -45px;
left: -65px;
display: block;
content: '';
-webkit-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-35deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-35deg);

}
#star-five:after {
position: absolute;
display: block;
color: red;
top: 3px;
left: -105px;
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 100px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 70px solid red;
border-left: 100px solid transparent;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-70deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-70deg);
content: '';
}

Pentagon


#pentagon {
position: relative;
width: 54px;
border-width: 50px 18px 0;
border-style: solid;
border-color: red transparent;
}
#pentagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
height: 0;
width: 0;
top: -85px;
left: -18px;
border-width: 0 45px 35px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: transparent transparent red;
}

Hexagon


#hexagon {
width: 100px;
height: 55px;
background: red;
position: relative;
}
#hexagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: -25px;
left: 0;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-bottom: 25px solid red;
}
#hexagon:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
bottom: -25px;
left: 0;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-left: 50px solid transparent;
border-right: 50px solid transparent;
border-top: 25px solid red;
}

Octagon


#octagon {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
position: relative;
}

#octagon:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
border-bottom: 29px solid red;
border-left: 29px solid #eee;
border-right: 29px solid #eee;
width: 42px;
height: 0;
}

#octagon:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
bottom: 0;
left: 0;
border-top: 29px solid red;
border-left: 29px solid #eee;
border-right: 29px solid #eee;
width: 42px;
height: 0;
}

Heart via Nicolas Gallagher


#heart {
position: relative;
width: 100px;
height: 90px;
}
#heart:before,
#heart:after {
position: absolute;
content: "";
left: 50px;
top: 0;
width: 50px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 0 100%;
transform-origin: 0 100%;
}
#heart:after {
left: 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(45deg);
transform: rotate(45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 100% 100%;
transform-origin :100% 100%;
}

Infinity via Nicolas Gallagher


#infinity {
position: relative;
width: 212px;
height: 100px;
}

#infinity:before,
#infinity:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
width: 60px;
height: 60px;
border: 20px solid red;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
}

#infinity:after {
left: auto;
right: 0;
-moz-border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(45deg);
transform: rotate(45deg);
}

Diamond


#diamond {
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
margin: 25px 0 15px 35px;
-webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
-o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
transform: rotate(-45deg);
-webkit-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-moz-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-ms-transform-origin: 0 100%;
-o-transform-origin: 0 100%;
transform-origin: 0 100%;
}

Egg


#egg {
display:block;
width: 126px;
height: 180px;
background-color: red;
-webkit-border-radius: 63px 63px 63px 63px / 108px 108px 72px 72px;
border-radius: 50% 50% 50% 50% / 60% 60% 40% 40%;
}

Pac-Man


#pacman {
width: 0px;
height: 0px;
border-right: 60px solid transparent;
border-top: 60px solid red;
border-left: 60px solid red;
border-bottom: 60px solid red;
border-top-left-radius: 60px;
border-top-right-radius: 60px;
border-bottom-left-radius: 60px;
border-bottom-right-radius: 60px;
}

Talk Bubble


#talkbubble {
width: 120px;
height: 80px;
background: red;
position: relative;
-moz-border-radius: 10px;
-webkit-border-radius: 10px;
border-radius: 10px;
}
#talkbubble:before {
content:"";
position: absolute;
right: 100%;
top: 26px;
width: 0;
height: 0;
border-top: 13px solid transparent;
border-right: 26px solid red;
border-bottom: 13px solid transparent;
}

12 Point Burst via Alan Johnson


#burst-12 {
background: red;
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
position: relative;
text-align: center;
}
#burst-12:before, #burst-12:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
height: 80px;
width: 80px;
background: red;
}
#burst-12:before {
-webkit-transform: rotate(30deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(30deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(30deg);
-o-transform: rotate(30deg);
transform: rotate(30deg);
}
#burst-12:after {
-webkit-transform: rotate(60deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(60deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(60deg);
-o-transform: rotate(60deg);
transform: rotate(60deg);
}

8 Point Burst via Alan Johnson


#burst-8 {
background: red;
width: 80px;
height: 80px;
position: relative;
text-align: center;
-webkit-transform: rotate(20deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(20deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(20deg);
-o-transform: rotate(20eg);
transform: rotate(20deg);
}
#burst-8:before {
content: "";
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
height: 80px;
width: 80px;
background: red;
-webkit-transform: rotate(135deg);
-moz-transform: rotate(135deg);
-ms-transform: rotate(135deg);
-o-transform: rotate(135deg);
transform: rotate(135deg);
}

Source : CSS-Tricks

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twitter-fail-whale

La baleine Twitter dessinée et animée en pur CSS

Il y a quelques temps déjà que Steve Dennis a dessiné un « logo » non officiel pour Twitter : des petits oiseaux soulevant hors de l’eau une baleine.

Cette « image » a été réalisée entièrement en CSS (oui oui, entièrement, sans la moindre image).
Vous n’y croyez pas ?
Aller voir la démo en ligne sur différents navigateurs :

  • Chrome et Safari marche parfaitement (et l’image est même animée),
  • Pour les autres, c’est plus délicat. Noter plutôt le rendu Internet Explorer 8 :-(

Impressionnant, n’est-ce pas ?

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